In the first blog, I talked about how was the communication before the 19th Century and how was the telegraph invented. Today, in this blog, I’ll be talking about the journey from telegraph to cyberspace.
I talked about how telegraph made it easier for people to send messages in minutes instead of using a ship or a horse which may take a lot of days. Distance was no longer an issue. Telegraph broke the personal border and space, made a real time coordination and control which helped the militaries and the empires to grow stronger.
In 1958, the first computer was invented named IBM AN/FSQ-7, which was a 2000 square meters long and weighted 275 tons. SHOCKED? But that’s the truth! Even I was shocked when I heard it, imagine a computer being the same size of todays football stadium. Consequently, the bigger it is, the bigger space it needs to be stored. It was the first centralized network system which was connected to other computers. A centralized network system means that all other computers were connected to this huge mainframe, therefore, it this mainframe computer collapsed, then all other computers would also not work. This was the biggest worry of the centralized network system.
In 1964, Paul Baran created a decentralized network system called ARPAnet. It is a network which has no central hub and was designed to operate even if broken. What changed from the centralized network system is that it removed the center and gave the end notes a control which means that even if it was broken, it wouldn’t effect the whole network system. All nodes were created equal.
What is cyberspace? A network which we all are connected to every day when we’re using our smartphones and computers. According to (Vassilys F, 2004), cyberspace is the name of a physical universe outside of space, characterized by the ability to communicate with people by “icons. waypoints, and artificial words” for interactive existence and interaction. Cyberspace completely changed the world as information started to flow freely in the same space and time. It provides a chance for everyone to communicate easily and to expressed their opinions and exchange information.
Vassilys Fourkas (2004), What is ‘cyberspace’?, Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328928631_What_is_’cyberspace’